Submitted by: My Insupen
Diabetes is a common term for several metabolic disorders in which blood glucose level increases due to the inadequate production of insulin in the Beta-cells of the pancreas. This leads to a condition where the body no longer produces insulin or uses the insulin produced in an ineffective manner. Insulin is a hormone needed to break down sugar and starch into simpler compounds. The cause of diabetes is attributed to both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity & lack of exercise that appear to play important roles.
Often referred to as diabetes mellitus, diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination) which results in them experiencing extreme thirst (polydipsia) and hunger (polyphagia).
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classified as a metabolic disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our body uses digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar present in the body and is the principal source of fuel for cellular activities.
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells. As soon as glucose enters the cells, blood-glucose level drops.
A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated leading to hyperglycemia. This is because the body does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin produced by the pancreas. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. Therefore, even with a sufficient amount of glucose, cells may not have access to it for their essential energy and growth requirements.
Why is it called diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes comes from Greek, and it means a “siphon”. Aretus the Cappadocian, a Greek physician during the second century A.D., named the condition diabainein. He described patients who were passing too much water (polyuria) – like a siphon. The word became “diabetes” from the English adoption of the Medieval Latin word diabetes.
In 1675, Thomas Willis added mellitus to the term, although it is commonly referred to simply as diabetes. Mel in Latin means “honey”; the urine and blood of people with diabetes has excess glucose, and glucose is sweet like honey. Diabetes mellitus literally means “siphoning off sweet water”.
In ancient China people observed that ants would be attracted to some people’s urine, because it was sweet. Thus, the term “Sweet Urine Disease” was coined.
Types of diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body’s immune system attacks the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin and require lifelong insulin injections for survival. This condition mostly occurs in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes referred to as juvenile onset diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with hereditary factors and lifestyle risk factors including poor diet, insufficient physical activity and obesity. People with type 2 diabetes may be able to manage their condition through lifestyle changes; however, diabetes medications or insulin injections may also be required to control blood sugar levels.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. This condition usually disappears once the baby is born. However, a history of gestational diabetes increases a woman’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. The condition may be managed through adopting healthy dietary and exercise habits, although diabetes medication, including insulin, may also be required to manage blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Extreme thirst and/or hunge
Sores that are slow to heal, and
People with type 2 Diabetes may have no symptoms for nearly 5-7 years after high glucose levels develop. Even when there are no symptoms, they may experience vague symptoms like tiredness, muscle pain, headache, anxiety, etc.
Poor control of diabetes can lead to an increased risk of:
High blood pressure
Kidney and bladder failure
Foot and leg infections
Complications in pregnancy
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute life-threatening events, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar (nonketotic) coma.
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State of emergency declared in New York over H1N1 swine flu virus
Thursday, October 29, 2009
According to US health officials, New York state governor David Paterson has declared a state of emergency in the state as a result of the H1N1 swine flu outbreak.
The Associated Press news agency reports that the six-page declaration was issued because at least 75 people have died of H1N1 related illnesses in New York since April. Three have died from H1N1 related illnesses just this past week. The declaration also says that human cases of the virus are on the rise.
Paterson says he issued the declaration because “a disaster has occurred throughout New York State, for which the affected local governments are unable to respond adequately.”
The declaration will allow health officials more access to the H1N1 vaccine and the seasonal flu shot. It will also allow for an increase in the number of vaccine doses available in the state and will allow more health care facilities to administer the vaccine, including dentists and pharmacists. Schools with health centers will also be allowed to administer both vaccines.
Despite the declaration, officials stressed that there is no reason to worry. A spokeswoman for the New York State Department of Health, Claire Pospisil, said that “it [the declaration] helps us to be more prepared.”
The order came shortly after US president Barack Obama declared a national emergency last Saturday, a response to the spreading of the virus, which has now been circulated in 46 states.
Nigerian jet attacks refugee camp, killing dozens
Wednesday, January 18, 2017
A Nigerian Air Force jet fighter mistook refugees for rebels yesterday, Nigerian military said, firing on a camp in Rann, Borno State. Dozens of refugees and aid workers died.
The lowest estimate from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is of 50 dead. The BBC estimates at least 52 dead, while one Borno State official is attributed by AP as saying over 100 are dead. MSF say at least 200 were wounded.
The Red Cross said at least six of its staff died and twelve more injured. The impoverished region, in the northeast of the nation, has suffered severe famine as conflict interrupts agriculture. Farmers are unable to work owing to bombs on their land. The Red Cross said volunteers were at the camp, home to thousands, to distribute food.
The military said the Air Force was dispatched to deal with “remnants” of the Boko Haram militant group, which it claims to be in a final push against. Major General Leo Irabor, who led the operation, said, “Unfortunately, the strike was conducted but it turned out that other civilians were somewhere around the area and they were affected”. Irabor said two soldiers were amongst the dead and others were wounded.
Military spokesman General Rabe Abubakar said the military are “all in pain” after the disaster, adding “in a military operation such as this, from time to time these things do occur.” Irabor promised an investigation. President Muhammadu Buhari said he was saddened by “this regrettable operational mistake” and sought calm.
“This large-scale attack on vulnerable people who have already fled from extreme violence is shocking and unacceptable,” MSF operational chief Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol said. The Red Cross said it has staff and facilities ready in neighbouring Cameroon and Chad to assist. “The whole camp is controlled by the army and no one can come in or out without being checked,” said MSF head of emergencies Hugues Robert. Robert added the group knew travel and work in the area was dangerous, and took precautions.
Helicopters have been evacuating the wounded, including a United Nations helicopter which brought four medical personnel and 400kg (900lb) of emergency medical aid, and left with eight wounded Red Cross workers. The UN is in the midst of an appeal for aid to the famine-hit region.
Thursday, April 14, 2005
An exhausted Charles Kennedy returned to the election campaign to launch a twenty page Liberal Democrat manifesto targeted at disaffected Labour voters, promising a fairer tax system and withdrawal from Iraq.
Entitled The Real Alternative the manifesto pledges to reduce the lowest rate of income tax, but increase the rate on those earning over £100,000 to 50%. The party would also scrap the unpopular local council tax in favour of a new local income tax. The manifesto also promises to remove hidden “stealth taxes”.
Under this system the party claims the poorest 15 million (25%) of people in Britain would be better off, and the middle 50% would be paying no extra tax.
The manifesto promised to scrap the controversial university tuition fees, increase services for pensioners and add £100 a month to the state pension, and train 21,000 new primary school teachers and 10,000 new police. A Lib Dem government would make eye and dental checks free, and reduce the cost of prescription medicine.
The Liberal Democrats were the only one of the three largest parliamentary parties to have consistently voted against the Iraq war, and the manifesto has promised an exit strategy with a phased withdrawal of Britain’s 8,000 troops still in the country.
“We reject a foreign policy based on ‘my ally right or wrong’,” Kennedy said. “And we say that war should always be a last resort.”
Kennedy, who became a father on Tuesday, admitted he’d had little sleep before the manifesto launch, and stumbled while answering questions on the proposed tax system.
Here comes ready to move 2BHK and 3BHK residential apartments at Panchsheel Primrose. Situated in the location that is well equipped with all sorts of requisites Panchsheel Primrose Ghaziabad is an ideal residential venture.
With the provision of immediate registry and immediate possession Panchsheel Primrose Hapur Road gives residents a chance to start afresh in a joyful neighbourhood where already more than 800 families are residing. Varying from 1000 square feet to 1240 square feet, Panchsheel Primrose NH 24 is offering 2BHK and 3BHK apartments for sale in affordable prices.
Panchsheel Primrose is deliberately arranged in Govindpuram, Hapur Road at Ghaziabad. Ghaziabad can be effectively achieved from rural areas and from its capital since it is known not the sought destination for people who wish to have home in this vital area. Panchsheel Primrose Ghaziabad is putting forth 2 and 3 bhk extensive apartments for the purchasers with exceptionally reasonable cost. There are altogether 1106 units, and the sizes change from 645 to 1562 square feet. It is putting forth ready to move in flats Panchsheel Primrose resale.
Panchsheel Primrose Govindpuram Ghaziabad is built over a free hold land that comes as 15 acres to erect 11 towers accommodating spacious abodes. Out of 15 acres of land 73% of the land has been reserved for green and open spaces and rest of the 27% is for cementing the dreams of home buyers.
Panchsheel Primrose Resale is also in much demand since the project is receiving satisfying reviews from the residents. Owing to its robust construction and world class standards Panchsheel is getting positive outcomes that encourage buyers to invest here.
Being an eco-friendly project, Panchsheel Primrose has plenty of greenery distributed all over the premises. Manicured plants and shrubs, articulate gardens and immaculate landscaping has enhanced the beauty of the Primrose. Gardens have a sitting area for occupants, jogging and cycling track to entail health benefits in residents’ life. Flower beds, fountains and other water bodies add on to the look of gardens.
Travel time is an essential point to know with the driving distance. Panchsheel Primrose takes 36 minutes to go from Noida Sector 15 metro station to Govindpuram Ghaziabad. Travel time refer to the time taken if the distance is covered by a car, it takes 30 minutes to Noida division 81. Also, Sector 32 Noida City Center just 38 minutes from Govindpuram Ghaziabad. Situated at Shastri Nagar, the project is all around connected to Dasna, Crossing Republik, Raj Nagar Extension and Sector 1 Vaishali.
Situated at Hapur Road, Ghaziabad, Panchsheel Primrose has got many road networks that help in accessing prominent places like Noida, Greater Noida, Delhi, Indirapuram, Kaushambi and Vaishali. It is surrounded with the well to do educational institutes, medical centres, path labs, banks & ATMs, entertainment zone, shopping centres and restaurants.
Panchsheel Primrose offers its customers various features for free that makes it a cost effective investments for the buyers. Home buyers may have a free car parking, club membership and 1KVA power back; they don’t even have to pay for FFC & EDC.
To meet the recreational amenities of the residents, Primrose has following features:
Kids’ Play Zone with swings and rides
Club House including gymnasium, steam, spa and sauna services
Swimming pool & kids pool along with a trainer
Yoga & Meditation ground
Community Hall & party lawn
Ample car parking space for residents and visitors
Convenient shopping complex and so forth
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Saturday, October 6, 2007
Torbjorn Zetterlund is running for the Green Party of Ontario in the Ontario provincial election, in the Willowdale riding. Wikinews’ Nick Moreau interviewed him regarding his values, his experience, and his campaign.
Stay tuned for further interviews; every candidate from every party is eligible, and will be contacted. Expect interviews from Liberals, Progressive Conservatives, New Democratic Party members, Ontario Greens, as well as members from the Family Coalition, Freedom, Communist, Libertarian, and Confederation of Regions parties, as well as independents.
- 1 Wikinews News Brief January 04, 2008 23:35 UTC
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Israeli troops kill 9 in Gaza
- 1.3 Georgian President faces election challenge
- 1.4 US unemployment hits two-year high
- 1.5 Israel plans crackdown on West Bank settlement outposts
- 1.6 Transaven Airlines plane carrying 14 people crashes off Venezuelan coast
- 1.7 Sportswriter Milt Dunnell dies at 102
- 1.8 2007 was particularly good year for aviation safety
- 1.9 U.S. Senator Dodd bows out of presidential race
- 1.10 Intel ends partnership with One Laptop Per Child program
- 1.11 British Investigators arrive in Pakistan to join Bhutto investigation
- 1.12 Disgorge bassist Ben Marlin dies from cancer
- 1.13 Egypt lets 2000 pilgrims through Rafah
- 1.14 Launch of Space Shuttle Atlantis once again delayed
- 1.15 Study suggests hospitals are not the best place for cardiac arrest treatment
- 1.16 US dollar no longer accepted at Taj Mahal and other Indian historical sites
- 1.17 Footer
| This article mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.
Wednesday, June 13, 2007
Wikinews will be attending The 2007 MuchMusic Video Awards this weekend, a popular annual event in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. True stars will be out to play, present, and else wise schmooze at the CHUM-City Building just above the city’s Entertainment District in the Queen Street West neighbourhood.
MuchMusic is the most popular music channel in Canada, and has been holding the event since 1990. Roughly 6000 fans line the streets surrounding Much headquarters each year, and 1200 more score “the wristband” and enjoy a free festival-style show in the parking lot, watching four outdoor performance areas spread out in the downtown location. New this year is a special roof-top stage, on the top of the building.
Last year’s show reached 3.5 million viewers in Canada and 100 million around the globe, with broadcasts in 65 countries.
Performing at the show will be Avril Lavigne, Fergie, Billy Talent, Hilary Duff, Alexisonfire, Maroon 5, Belly, The Used, and Finger Eleven.
On stage presenting will be Nickelback, Jay Manuel (Canada’s Next Top Model, America’s Next Top Model), Tara Reid (American Pie, this fall’s Land of Canaan), Joss Stone, Sum 41, Amber Tamblyn (Joan of Arcadia, Grudge 2), Hedley, Chris Bosh (Toronto Raptors), Sean Avery (New York Rangers), George, Sam Roberts, Emilie de Ravin (LOST), Marianas Trench, and Kardinal Offishall.
Photographer Robin Wong will be photographing the red carpet of the MMVAs for Wikinews and Wikipedia. He first helped the sites in April of this year, photographing Hilary Duff at MuchMusic. Wong’s extensive client list includes Fidelty Investments, Flare Magazine, Masterfile, First Light, Fashion Television, FCB Canada, Profit Magazine, Financial Post, and Publicis. His works have appeared in the 2004 and 2005 Applied Arts Awards Annual, the top publication for the creative industry.
- 1 Still open for voting
- 2 FLICK OFF at Gift Lounge
- 3 See also
- 4 Sources
- 5 External links
Submitted by: Marie-Claire Smith
Relationships are complicated. Anybody who tells you theirs is any different is either fooling themselves or lying. This is all the more true when the relationship in question is a marriage.
Couples who have been married for one or more years will definitely run into their share of problems and disagreements. In fact, arguing is a normal and healthy part of human communication between husband and wife.
When couples are not even able to argue in order to work out their differences, that is when things have reached an unhealthy state. And, when even the idea of arguing makes one person in the relationship so uncomfortable that they threaten to leave the relationship, the situation is extremely unstable and needs to be addressed.
If you find yourself saying, “My husband threatens to leave when we argue,” here are 5 tips for what to do:
1. Acknowledge to yourself that there is a serious problem in your relationship:
If your husband threatens to leave you when you argue, it is a sign that something is seriously wrong with your relationship. There could be a whole range of possible reasons why he may be acting this way. Some of the possible reasons are:
a. he was raised in a family where arguing openly was not allowed, so he feels extremely uncomfortable when there is a perceived lack of harmony in your household
b. he is afraid of what he may say or do if he gets angry
c. he has something to hide and fears that an argument may cause him to admit it
d. he is looking for a reason to leave you, but lacks the courage to do so without an “excuse”
2. Decide what would need to happen for you to want to stay with your husband:
Obviously, the current situation is not a healthy one for either of you. But before you figure out whether you can learn to communicate with your husband effectively, it is very important that you come to terms with your real feelings about the relationship. If you are not willing to put up with his behavior the way it is now, what would need to change for you to want to stay in your marriage – if anything?
3. Find out if he is having an affair or likes someone else:
One possibility is that your husband has something hide from you (see “c” above), such as an affair. Do what you can to verify whether he may be cheating on you.
4. Start a dialogue with him at a moment when you are not arguing:
Regardless of your answers to the above questions, it is important that you find a way to start a healthy dialogue with your husband. Find a moment when you are not arguing and things are going well. Bring up in a calm voice whatever your issues may be. Avoid any language that sounds like you are blaming or accusing him of anything.
5. Focus on your feelings, but avoid saying what he should do or nagging him:
Put your focus on expressing your feelings to him. This should not be about telling him what he should say or do – doing so will only put him on the defensive. Start sentences with “I feel . . . “.
If you believe there may be hope for getting past this very difficult point in your marriage, seek out resources that can help you repair the love and save your marriage.
About the Author: Get your troubled marriage back on track with expert relationship advice from someone who has saved thousands of marriages at:
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