State of emergency declared in New York over H1N1 swine flu virus

Thursday, October 29, 2009

According to US health officials, New York state governor David Paterson has declared a state of emergency in the state as a result of the H1N1 swine flu outbreak.

The Associated Press news agency reports that the six-page declaration was issued because at least 75 people have died of H1N1 related illnesses in New York since April. Three have died from H1N1 related illnesses just this past week. The declaration also says that human cases of the virus are on the rise.

Paterson says he issued the declaration because “a disaster has occurred throughout New York State, for which the affected local governments are unable to respond adequately.”

The declaration will allow health officials more access to the H1N1 vaccine and the seasonal flu shot. It will also allow for an increase in the number of vaccine doses available in the state and will allow more health care facilities to administer the vaccine, including dentists and pharmacists. Schools with health centers will also be allowed to administer both vaccines.

Despite the declaration, officials stressed that there is no reason to worry. A spokeswoman for the New York State Department of Health, Claire Pospisil, said that “it [the declaration] helps us to be more prepared.”

The order came shortly after US president Barack Obama declared a national emergency last Saturday, a response to the spreading of the virus, which has now been circulated in 46 states.

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Diabetes Mellitus: An Introduction}

Submitted by: My Insupen

Diabetes is a common term for several metabolic disorders in which blood glucose level increases due to the inadequate production of insulin in the Beta-cells of the pancreas. This leads to a condition where the body no longer produces insulin or uses the insulin produced in an ineffective manner. Insulin is a hormone needed to break down sugar and starch into simpler compounds. The cause of diabetes is attributed to both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity & lack of exercise that appear to play important roles.

Often referred to as diabetes mellitus, diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination) which results in them experiencing extreme thirst (polydipsia) and hunger (polyphagia).

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classified as a metabolic disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our body uses digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar present in the body and is the principal source of fuel for cellular activities.

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells. As soon as glucose enters the cells, blood-glucose level drops.

A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated leading to hyperglycemia. This is because the body does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin produced by the pancreas. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. Therefore, even with a sufficient amount of glucose, cells may not have access to it for their essential energy and growth requirements.

Why is it called diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes comes from Greek, and it means a “siphon”. Aretus the Cappadocian, a Greek physician during the second century A.D., named the condition diabainein. He described patients who were passing too much water (polyuria) – like a siphon. The word became “diabetes” from the English adoption of the Medieval Latin word diabetes.

In 1675, Thomas Willis added mellitus to the term, although it is commonly referred to simply as diabetes. Mel in Latin means “honey”; the urine and blood of people with diabetes has excess glucose, and glucose is sweet like honey. Diabetes mellitus literally means “siphoning off sweet water”.

In ancient China people observed that ants would be attracted to some people’s urine, because it was sweet. Thus, the term “Sweet Urine Disease” was coined.

Types of diabetes

There are three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body’s immune system attacks the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin and require lifelong insulin injections for survival. This condition mostly occurs in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes referred to as juvenile onset diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is associated with hereditary factors and lifestyle risk factors including poor diet, insufficient physical activity and obesity. People with type 2 diabetes may be able to manage their condition through lifestyle changes; however, diabetes medications or insulin injections may also be required to control blood sugar levels.

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Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. This condition usually disappears once the baby is born. However, a history of gestational diabetes increases a woman’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. The condition may be managed through adopting healthy dietary and exercise habits, although diabetes medication, including insulin, may also be required to manage blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of diabetes:

Frequent urination

Extreme thirst and/or hunge

Weight loss



Sores that are slow to heal, and

Increased infections

People with type 2 Diabetes may have no symptoms for nearly 5-7 years after high glucose levels develop. Even when there are no symptoms, they may experience vague symptoms like tiredness, muscle pain, headache, anxiety, etc.

Poor control of diabetes can lead to an increased risk of:

Heart disease

High blood pressure


Nerve disease

Kidney and bladder failure

Gum disease


Foot and leg infections

Sexual Dysfunction

Complications in pregnancy

Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute life-threatening events, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar (nonketotic) coma.

INSUPen- Helping You Manage Diabetes With EASE

Gone are the days when diabetes took the zest out of life. Advanced research has resulted in better therapies and improved the quality of life for many diabetics globally. After years of rigorous research, Biocon along with Germanys leading Designer, Haselmeier GmbH has come out with a way to change Diabetes to Diabetease by launching the INSUPen.

With state-of-the-art technology and features that complement todays lifestyle, INSUPen helps manage Diabetes in an Efficient, Accurate, Safe and Economical way.

Why INSUPen is the most sought after Insulin Pen?

A breakthrough insulin delivery device with three unique firsts:

First German technology insulin pen offering the best user-friendly features

First to offer a choice of 3 colours

First to offer complimentary needles with every Refil

Innovative packaging:

Comprehensive packaging ensures comfort all the way

Basal Analogue Refil in packs of threes and ones

Insulin Refil in packs of fives and ones

An affordable innovation:

Easy on pockets in the long run

About the Author: 1. My INSUPen Homepage:

2. INSUPen for Doctors and Healthcare Professionals:

3. INSUPen for patients and caregivers:


Permanent Link: }

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Nigerian jet attacks refugee camp, killing dozens

Nigerian jet attacks refugee camp, killing dozens

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

A Nigerian Air Force jet fighter mistook refugees for rebels yesterday, Nigerian military said, firing on a camp in Rann, Borno State. Dozens of refugees and aid workers died.

The lowest estimate from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is of 50 dead. The BBC estimates at least 52 dead, while one Borno State official is attributed by AP as saying over 100 are dead. MSF say at least 200 were wounded.

The Red Cross said at least six of its staff died and twelve more injured. The impoverished region, in the northeast of the nation, has suffered severe famine as conflict interrupts agriculture. Farmers are unable to work owing to bombs on their land. The Red Cross said volunteers were at the camp, home to thousands, to distribute food.

The military said the Air Force was dispatched to deal with “remnants” of the Boko Haram militant group, which it claims to be in a final push against. Major General Leo Irabor, who led the operation, said, “Unfortunately, the strike was conducted but it turned out that other civilians were somewhere around the area and they were affected”. Irabor said two soldiers were amongst the dead and others were wounded.

Military spokesman General Rabe Abubakar said the military are “all in pain” after the disaster, adding “in a military operation such as this, from time to time these things do occur.” Irabor promised an investigation. President Muhammadu Buhari said he was saddened by “this regrettable operational mistake” and sought calm.

“This large-scale attack on vulnerable people who have already fled from extreme violence is shocking and unacceptable,” MSF operational chief Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol said. The Red Cross said it has staff and facilities ready in neighbouring Cameroon and Chad to assist. “The whole camp is controlled by the army and no one can come in or out without being checked,” said MSF head of emergencies Hugues Robert. Robert added the group knew travel and work in the area was dangerous, and took precautions.

Helicopters have been evacuating the wounded, including a United Nations helicopter which brought four medical personnel and 400kg (900lb) of emergency medical aid, and left with eight wounded Red Cross workers. The UN is in the midst of an appeal for aid to the famine-hit region.

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Lib Dems launch manifesto">
Lib Dems launch manifesto

Thursday, April 14, 2005

An exhausted Charles Kennedy returned to the election campaign to launch a twenty page Liberal Democrat manifesto targeted at disaffected Labour voters, promising a fairer tax system and withdrawal from Iraq.

Entitled The Real Alternative the manifesto pledges to reduce the lowest rate of income tax, but increase the rate on those earning over £100,000 to 50%. The party would also scrap the unpopular local council tax in favour of a new local income tax. The manifesto also promises to remove hidden “stealth taxes”.

Under this system the party claims the poorest 15 million (25%) of people in Britain would be better off, and the middle 50% would be paying no extra tax.

The manifesto promised to scrap the controversial university tuition fees, increase services for pensioners and add £100 a month to the state pension, and train 21,000 new primary school teachers and 10,000 new police. A Lib Dem government would make eye and dental checks free, and reduce the cost of prescription medicine.

The Liberal Democrats were the only one of the three largest parliamentary parties to have consistently voted against the Iraq war, and the manifesto has promised an exit strategy with a phased withdrawal of Britain’s 8,000 troops still in the country.

“We reject a foreign policy based on ‘my ally right or wrong’,” Kennedy said. “And we say that war should always be a last resort.”

Kennedy, who became a father on Tuesday, admitted he’d had little sleep before the manifesto launch, and stumbled while answering questions on the proposed tax system.

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